4 CORNERSTONE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CREATING A WEBSITE

09 Jun 2016

Topics: Cornerstone Technologies for a Website


Designing a website is not a big deal these days, provided you have basic knowledge of a few core technologies of the web. HTML and CSS are the chief cornerstone technologies you must have knowledge of, whereas knowledge of JavaScript and Bootstrap will give you added the advantage in building a website.

If you are going to build a website, there are two options. You can either build it yourself using one of the many website generators available online, like WordPress or you can hire a professional web developer to do it for you. Though there are many technologies to develop a website, you need knowledge of the following technologies as a minimum requirement to develop one yourself.

  1. HTML, the coding language of the web
  2. CSS, the language for styling web pages
  3. JavaScript, for coding better user experiences
  4. Bootstrap, for front-end framework

Like already mentioned, there are lots of technologies in web development but the above four are selected for their widespread acceptance and comparative ease of use. Let us look at these in detail.

HTML

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and as the name suggests, it is a markup language. Unlike a programming language, a markup language is a system for annotating a document in such a way that it can be syntactically distinguished from the text. If this sounds too techie, just consider it as the cornerstone technology used in creating web pages and user interfaces. All browsers are capable of reading HTML code and rendering them into web pages. HTML semantically defines the structure of a website, including cues for the appearance of the web pages. HTML also allows embedding of images and other objects and can be used for creating interactive forms. HTML uses structural semantics called tags, such as headings, paragraphs, quotes, lists and links. Browsers do not display the tags but use them to interpret the nature of the associated content.

CSS

CSS is the abbreviation for Cascading Style Sheets. This is the language used for describing how a document is written in HTML, or any markup language is visually presented. CSS is the cornerstone technology used for creating visually engaging web pages and user interfaces. The prime aim of CSS is to separate content from document presentation aspects such as fonts, colour and layout, in order to improve content accessibility and flexibility. This method of separating content from formatting allows the same page to be rendered differently on different screen sizes and devices.  CSS makes it possible to change the graphic design of a number of documents by editing just a few lines of code. CSS can not only be applied to HTML documents, but also to XHTML (X stands for Extensible), XML (Extensible Markup Language), XUL (XML User Interface) or SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). With sufficient basic understanding of HTML and CSS, you can create a reasonably good website by yourself.

JavaScript and Bootstrap

JavaScript is a high-level programming language and third major core technology of the web, identified along with HTML and CSS. It supports object-oriented, functional and imperative programming styles. The application programming interface (API) of JavaScript allows working with text, dates and other regular expressions but does not allow any input/output communication such as networking or storage.

Bootstrap is a front-end web framework that is free and open-source. Frameworks are meant to alleviate the overheads in web development, such as database access, templating and session management. Bootstrap contains HTML and CSS-based templates and JavaScript extensions. Neither JavaScript nor Bootstrap is a must for developing a simple website on your own. But if you develop a site using these technologies, it will be much easy for you if you intend to upgrade it to a full-fledged website later on.

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